Skip to content



Trinity is used for de novo reconstruction of transcriptomes from RNA-seq data. Trinity combines three independent software modules: Inchworm, Chrysalis, and Butterfly, applied sequentially to process large volumes of RNA-seq reads. Trinity partitions the sequence data into many individual de Bruijn graphs, each representing the transcriptional complexity at at a given gene or locus, and then processes each graph independently to extract full-length splicing isoforms and to tease apart transcripts derived.

The Trinity module at CSC also includes TransDecoder and Trinotate tools to anlyze the results of a Trinity run.


Free to use and open source under [Broad Institute License]


Version on CSC's Servers

Puhti: 2.14.0, 2.13.2, 2.11.0, 2.8.5

Using Trinity

In Puhti, Trinity is set up with command:

module load biokit
The biokit module sets up a set of commonly used bioinformatics tools including trinity 2.8.5. If want to use version 2.13.2, run command:

module load trinty/2.13.2

Trinity should be used used interactively in a compute node or preferably through the batch job system. Below is an example batch job file for Trinity.

#SBATCH --job-name=trinity
#SBATCH --output=output_%j.txt
#SBATCH --error=errors_%j.txt
#SBATCH --time=48:00:00
#SBATCH --ntasks=1
#SBATCH --nodes=1  
#SBATCH --cpus-per-task=6
#SBATCH --mem=24000
#SBATCH --account=project_1234567

module load trinity/2.13.2

Trinity --seqType fq --max_memory 22G --left reads.left.fq --right \
reads.right.fq --SS_lib_type RF --CPU $SLURM_CPUS_PER_TASK \
--output trinity_run_out --grid_exec sbatch_commandlist
The command script above reserves 6 computing cores from one node for the job. The maximal run time of the sample job here is 48 hours. About 4 GB of memory is reserved for each core so the total memory reservation is 6 * 4 GB = 24 GB. In Puhti, you must use batch job option --account= to define the project to be used. You should replace project_1234567 used in the example, with your own project. You can check your projects with command: csc-workspaces.

In the actual Trinity command the number, of computing cores to be used (--CPU) is set using environment variable: $SLURM_CPUS_PER_TASK. This variable contains the value set the --cpus-per-task SLURM option.

In Puhti you can also use distributed computing to speed up the trinity job. When definition:

--grid_exec sbatch_commandlist
is added to the command, some phases of the analysis tasks are executed as a set of parallel subjobs. For large Trinity tasks the settings of the sbatch_commandlist tool are too limited. In these cases replace sbatch_commandlist with sbatch_commandlist_trinity.
--grid_exec sbatch_commandlist_trinity
When Trinity is executed with --grid_exec option in generates large amount of temporary files and it is very likely, that you will exceed the default limit of 100 000 files. Thus it is advisable to apply for a larger file number quota for Puhti scratch before submitting large Trinity jobs. You can send the request to

When the batch job file is ready, it can be submitted to the batch queue system with command:

sbatch batch_job_file
Look here for more information about running batch jobs.

Please check the Trinity site to get hints for estimating the required resources,

Using autoTrinotate

You can analyse the results of your Trinity job with autoTrininotate. You need two files, resulting from a successful Trinity assembly. 1. Fasta formatted nucleotide sequence file containing the final contigs created by Trinity (Trinity.fasta) 2. gene-to-trans map for the input fasta file (Trinity.fasta.gene_to_trans_map)

You can launch autoTrinotate with command:

$TRINOTATE_HOME/auto/ --Trinotate_sqlite $TRINOTATE_HOME/databases/Trinotate.sqlite --transcripts Trinity.fasta --gene_to_trans_map  Trinity.fasta.gene_to_trans_map --conf $TRINOTATE_HOME/auto/conf.txt --CPU  $SLURM_CPUS_PER_TASK


autoTrinotate analysis can require much resources so you should execute the command in with sinteractive or as a batch job.

AutoTrinotate produces an SQLite database file that can be further analyzed with command:



Last update: October 10, 2022